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Everything posted by shadow99

  1. Should he have a right to switch the venue to state of residence? I'm in Virginia - I think they have a special motion with a pre-printed form if you're sued in the wrong venue. As in, you've moved and the plaintiff doesn't have your correct address. I've never needed to use it, but have seen it on our court's website.
  2. @Bulldogger's document shoes that you can request arbitration any time up until the trial has started. See #4. Discovery by definition is before a trial?
  3. Sounds like you have a good chance then. From sitting in the court room listening to other cases in Virginia while waiting for my turn, it doesn't usually go like that here. The JDB's have enough to prove their case. Some have had trial dates set. Others received their judgment anyway. Most that get dismissed were settled out of court. Please let us know how it turns out.
  4. Thank you! You connected the dots perfectly for me.
  5. If you have a "choice of law" clause in a contract that chooses a state other than your state of residence, which statute of limitations applies? I live in VA, but choice of law on some of mine are Utah, some Nevada, probably somewhere else if I checked them all. I have read that SOL depends on whether the law is considered substantive or procedural - I have read the definitions of those terms many times, and it's still not clear to me how to tell in all cases where a law falls. I think I understand this part: If the SOL is determined by your state to be substantive, the choice of law state applies. If the SOL is procedural, the your state of law applies. For the choice of law state to apply to procedural law, it must be specifically stated in the choice of law clause, which no one seems to do. Substantive law is the default for the choice of law clauses if nothing else is stated. Virginia seems to say that SOL for debt is procedural, so Virginia's SOL's apply. Virginia has a loophole that also says if the choice of law state has a lower SOL, it will be used instead of the Virginia SOL. Florida, on the other hand, has passed a law that says debt SOL is substantive, so when Capital One sues someone in Florida, the Virginia statute would apply - since that's their choice of law state. To make it even more confusing, Virginia has a 3-year SOL on verbal or unsigned written contracts and a 5-year SOL on signed, written contracts, but there's some confusion on what makes a credit card agreement a signed, written contract. I'm guessing most JDB's won't be able to present more than a handful of statements (no signature) and a bill of sale, so maybe that part doesn't matter. But, any opinions on how Virginia would handle statute of limitations when the contract says "choice of law" is somewhere else like Utah? Has anyone successfully argued that Virginia's SOL on credit card debt is 3 years instead of 5? I'm trying to figure out when the SOL runs out with some JDB's who haven't sued me yet.
  6. I think that's good advice as long as you're willing to do the work and research to learn how to do so. And, to have a plan b and plan c in case things go sideways. It does seem like the paperwork you have is very confusing, and the chances of them being able to get anything better at this point are probably pretty slim. I have no experience taking anything civil to trial, but you don't really have too much to lose. They say you about 8K today. If you lose, you'll still owe about 8K plus maybe reasonable fees. All the while the clock is ticking on the 4 year point where it's safe to file bankruptcy.
  7. To appeal, in some states, you have to put up an appeal bond. I'm trying to figure out how that works in my state just in case I need it. It reads like I have to put up the amount of the judgement plus costs & interest in order to appeal - which makes it hard for people who don't have a lot of assets. You should probably research that so you are prepared and can adjust your strategy if you need to. The appeal bond would then go towards the judgement if you lost. Once they have a judgement, with no pending appeals, they're able to try to collect. I don't think you can appeal a garnishment. You'd have to find ways to make your income and bank account exempt. I've also heard of some really aggressive attorneys seizing cars and selling them - which is a real d**k move.
  8. It's so people don't transfer a lot of money/property into someone else's name so they can file Chapter 7 instead of Chapter 13. Like me - I had a rough time a few years ago and got behind, but managed to save my house. I have a lot of equity, but I doubt my credit would support a refinance or equity loan. Other than selling the house, it's not an asset I can readily make liquid. But, I also don't want to file Chapter 13 if I don't have to because it would be a major pain and I'd still have to pay off everything I owe due to that equity and my current salary. Without laws like that, I could transfer all my properties with equity into someone else's name that I trust, file Chapter 7 immediately and get rid of all my unsecured debt, then transfer it back after the bankruptcy was finished, cheating the system.
  9. If you know the last time you made a payment or a charge, use that date. Then, you can look up the agreement at that time online. You create a simple affidavit swearing it's the true & correct agreement pertaining to the account and have it notarized. According to the people on this site, that's valid proof as far as the court is concerned. It's worked for me - I haven't had anyone challenge me yet. I'm pretty sure Synchrony has a good arbitration clause. If it goes sideways, you still have the bankruptcy option. Arbitration will certainly stretch it out and eat up some of those 4 years you're looking at. It's 2022, so that's already at least 2 years down. Also, some JDB have hardship clauses where they will forgive the debt. I've read it here, but don't remember which ones they are. When you spoke to the bankruptcy attorney, did he have anything to say about your chances of fighting this case?
  10. I'm prone to panic and nerves, so I say this with lots of empathy 1. take a breath (it helps!) 2. file a MTC and go to arbitration if your state will allow it after you've entered into discovery. 3. This may be enough that they do a mutual dismissal for $0 out of pocket for you - I think that's the absolute best result you could get at this time. I had this happen for $6200, so $8000 is very possible. Or, file for bankruptcy and be done with all your unsecured debts for a fresh start. If you don't own any real property, Chapter 7 would be a no brainer. If your state won't let you file the MTC at this point, that's what I'd do. Good people are forced to file bankruptcy all the time. It's nothing to be ashamed of.
  11. It was Prosper loan - not a credit card agreement. It was detailed in the Promissory Note in the arbitration clause which is more like a signed contract than a credit card agreement that can change whenever the company wants it to.
  12. Violations usually mean FDCPA or TCPA violations - you can find more information about those by googling or searching this site. Everything else I knew to do is also on the site. I suggest you start with the pinned threads, especially the master arbitration thread, and continue reading through individual people's experiences. I always pick the ones with lots of responses because those are more likely to continue reporting until they have a final result. My big one is north of $16K. I don't think I have a shot at $0, but I'm hoping for $8K or less. MTC - Motion to Compel Arbitration. I've had 3 cases with arbitration either granted or agreed to by the attorney. Case 2, I detailed above. Case 3 was with the same attorney as Case 1 and they settled with me as soon as I sent them the MTC, before the first court date. The 1st case is detailed on this site. It was my first experience with it and I think it was their first too. They also used rent-a-lawyers to represent them, so they weren't present in court. Every court date had a different judge preside over the case and a different attorney show up. Here's how it went. Date 1 - rent a lawyer says, I don't work for the firm, I haven't seen the paperwork, but I have no problem continuing the case for 3 months to let you get started. Case continued. In my state, if the opposing side agrees to arbitrate, the MTC is not granted. It's not denied either, it's just kind of on hold. Date 2 - I have now submitted the paperwork to JAMS & JAMS has sent the attorney a bill. Rent-a-lawyer says he knows nothing about it. The judge says lets give them more time to see the paperwork. If they don't do anything by next time, you can argue for us to grant the MTC even if they agree. Date 3 - They claim that they haven't done anything because I haven't paid the bill. They mistakenly thought I was supposed to pay their $1500 case fee. The judge looks at my receipt and the paperwork for JAMS and explains to them. The lawyer says he is not part of the firm, has no authority to agree to anything, and asks for the case to be continued - again. Date 4 - They object to the MTC on very shaky grounds. Basically, that their own contract has egregious costs to them - which they can't claim. This rent-a-lawyer is smart enough to not read through the objection in court. I'm sure this judge has already read it because I don't have to say hardly anything. He says at this point if the plaintiff does not make a meaningful effort to start arbitration by the next court date, he will strongly suggest that the next judge dismiss the case. And that as a point of fact, he wanted to dismiss it that day. This rent-a-lawyer is almost apologetic. Date 5 - Before this court date, they contact me and start the settlement negotiations at 50%. I respond with, I'll be willing to dismiss my case if you dismiss yours for $0 payment for me. I also agree not to pursue you for the $250 arbitration fee that you owe because the contract states you will pay all of my costs up to $1000. This was between me & the paralegal. In about a week, the attorney emails me to say they accept and to send me the settlement agreement. I think continuation 1 was 3 months, 2 & 3 were 2 or 3 months, 4 was 1 month and 5 was 4 months - so that's about a year. It was also started during Covid, so before I ever went to court, it was continued several times, but I wouldn't count that. All in all, from the time the lawyer contacted me until it was resolved was about 2 years.
  13. I sent a MTC, a copy of the card agreement and a simple affidavit swearing that the card agreement was the right one to both the attorney & the court. I showed up at the trial date. The judge already had my MTC in hand, but I had extra copies of everything in hand. Midland's attorney opposed the judgement trying to use the small claims exception, even though we weren't in small claims court. The judge didn't buy it, said he thought I had a right to arbitration, and granted the MTC. The attorney wanted to speak to me in the hallway. He was very pleasant and polite, explaining how arbitration was expensive for both me and Midland, and that I could negotiate a settlement with either him or directly with Midland. I nodded and said I understood, then went on my way with his contact info. We both agreed that communication via email was best for us both - which it definitely is for me. I then filed with AAA, paid the $200 fee, and sent the documents to the attorney - via email - along with an offer to settle both the court case and the arbitration for $0 out of pocket. The opposing attorney emailed back within 24 hours with a settlement offer that stated exactly that - I sent a signed copy back along with evidence that I had dismissed the arbitration. The attorney sent a dismissal form to the court, and we were all done. I did not have any violations. The amount owed was less than what they would have spent on filing fees with AAA. Because AAA had not yet reviewed the case, they refunded the $200 I had paid. I don't think the JAMS fees are refundable. However, I do like JAMS better. They were faster the one time I used them to respond with a bill for the other side and they gave me a real person that was very responsive to my questions, even though the JDB drew them out for well over a year without paying the fees or negotiating with me for a settlement. In that case, the judge finally got tired of them constantly saying they'd arbitrate then not doing anything, and finally opposing the MTC, that he told them they better do something before the next court date. That also was settled for $0 for a mutual dismissal. I've won 3 times for cases involving anywhere from $2-6K. My upcoming one is for more than the your current case. I am sure I'll have to come out of pocket to get that one to go away, but I'm hoping for between 30 & 50% of the total. They agreed to arbitration, it's been continued for a few months, and I'm gathering funds. I figure I'm going to rinse & repeat until 7 more small ones are either settled or the statute of limitations expires. Everything you need to know is on this site and people are very helpful explaining the rules, paperwork, etc. Everything I used so far, I learned here. Make sure you read the master arbitration thread several times and read over other people's stories.
  14. I got the pre-legal notifications, then got sued. I have a few more small accounts with them that are just sitting there. One of them has generated a pre-legal letter. The others nothing. The one they sued me for wasn't the highest amount. There seems to be no rhyme or reason to their logic. I went with arbitration and settled. They had a dedicated lawyer instead of the rent-a-lawyers. He was one of the most pleasant and straightforward people I've dealt with for JDB's so far. My amounts have all been under $6K so far though - I don't know what they'd do for one around $14K, but I'd think you could get them to go way down on a settlement without too much trouble if you get the MTC granted.
  15. The master arbitration thread says you can use Credit Dispute or something like that if you don't have any FDCPA, TCPA, etc. violations. You should read that thread for good advice - it's what I follow.
  16. Yep - Virginia allows them to be made under penalty of perjury and that statement is in there. I guess I could do the same with my affidavits? Shouldn't there be a legible name though? No way to know exactly who is signing under penalty of perjury in this case. It's literally a scribble of what looks like 2 letters, and I'd have to guess at what letters they are. First could be a K, L, R - Second could be D, F, H, J, K, M, N - I literally had to run through the alphabet in my head for likely candidates. Virginia law also allows certification of business records by affidavit - unless you object within 5 days, which I did to the best of my abilities. The statute doesn't say 5 days from when or say you have to have a reason for the objection - just that if you object, then they can't allow it. I don't know what that means since I don't want to go to trial anyway, but I learned from you guys that you have to object or lose the right to do so.
  17. Thanks - looks like I'll just use the cost of the MTC as leverage to get a better settlement. If I can hold them off until April/May, I should be in a position to handle a 30-50% lump sum if they'll take it.
  18. They sent me a dunning letter with the 30-day notice. I responded within 30 days. Within a few days of receiving the dispute letter, they sent me all their paperwork quickly followed by a warrant in debt - which is Virginia's single page notice that you are being sued and where/when to appear. When the sheriff's office served me, the warrant in debt was attached to another copy of all of the paperwork. (Edit: Actually, I'm not sure if they sent me any paperwork before the sheriff's office served me - it might have just been the warrant in debt. I think that's fine, right? The lawsuit is not considered continuing collection efforts without verifying?) I've looked everything over again today. The only thing that doesn't seem right is that the Affidavit of judgement, lost note, and business records certification is not notarized (should it be? I get my affidavit's notarized), I can't read the signature, and the name is not spelled out. There is a title of account administrator, which I'm guessing is JDB's employee not the OC's. The bill of sale is only signed by OC's representative, which I'm sure is fine. It also lists OC as a Delaware corporation while my paperwork lists Utah - I'm guessing they're registered in every state and choose Utah on the contracts/agreements because it's to their benefit. Is the fact that I did not receive a dunning letter with the 30-day notice from the 2nd CA anything I can work with? I'm sure they'll claim lost in the mail.
  19. Thanks for the reply. This board has kept me from making a fool of myself several times. i would have disputed with CA#2 if I had received anything from them with the 30-day notice. Is that at least a FDCPA violation? I'm sure they'll say they sent it and I just didn't receive it. I could just as easily say I sent them the dispute letter first class mail, but I know it wouldn't work for me. It's interesting they were able to get my unlisted home number that was never given to anyone other than in the dispute to the first CA. Maybe it's on my credit report or something, or I called Lending Club from that number at some point and they kept a record of it. I am sure you're right, but I don't understand how UHG is not responsible for the actions of both CA#1 & CA#2 as they were acting as UHG's agents - and how there shouldn't be some kind of continuity there. I have read here how the JDB can just fire a lawyer and hire a new one to get out of violations from the first - if both lawyers are acting as the JDB's agents, that doesn't make sense to me. My finances are getting to the point I can start paying/settling some of these. I'm not looking to get this one to go away entirely - just settle for 30-50% of the total. I'll continue with the MTC. This will be my 4th and the biggest one. All the rest have been or will be for small amounts.
  20. 1. Who is the named plaintiff in the suit? UHG I LLC 2. What is the name of the law firm handling the suit? (should be listed at the top of the complaint.) I'll say in PM's - I'm not sure it matters and I'm guessing most attorney's offices have automatic searches set up on the firm name. Initials are HL. 3. How much are you being sued for? more than 15K, less than 20K. 4. Who is the original creditor? (if not the Plaintiff) Lending Club/Webbank 5. How do you know you are being sued? (You were served, right?) Served with Summons 6. How were you served? (Mail, In person, Notice on door) Summons posted on door 7. Was the service legal as required by your state? Yes 8. What was your correspondence (if any) with the people suing you before you think you were being sued? I've sent debt dispute letters to UHG's first collection company as well as to the lawyer's office. The 2nd collection company they used just called and I never received anything in the mail. 9. What state and county do you live in? Virginia 10. When is the last time you paid on this account? (looking to establish if you are outside of the statute of limitations): Late summer 2018 - I think it's still within the statute of limitations. 11. When did you open the account (looking to establish what card agreement may be applicable)? I have the agreement from when the debt was made. 12. What is the SOL on the debt? To find out: Maybe 3 years since they can't produce a signed copy of the contract even in electronic form. (I have one). Otherwise 5. If it's 3, it's still just inside the SOL due to Virginia tolling the SOL for 126 days. 13. What is the status of your case? Suit served? Motions filed? You can find this by a) calling the court or looking it up online (many states have this information posted - when you find the online court site, search by case number or your name). Initial hearing coming up. 14. Have you disputed the debt with the credit bureaus (both the original creditor and the collection agency?): No 15. Did you request debt validation before the suit was filed? Note: if you haven't sent a debt validation request before being sued, it likely won't help create FDCPA violations, but disputing after being sued could be useful to show the court that you dispute the debt ('account stated' vs. 'breach of contract'): Yes 16. How long do you have to respond to the suit? (This should be in your paperwork). If you don't respond to the lawsuit notice you will lose automatically. In 99% of the cases, they will require you to answer the summons, and each point they are claiming. We need to know what the "charges" are. Please post what they are claiming. Did you receive an interrogatory (questionnaire) regarding the lawsuit?: I'm not required to respond before the hearing date, but I submitted MTC and opposition to certifying business records by affidavit (I only have 5 days to do that). No interrogatory questions are sent at this point in this court. If you go to trial, that happens then. 17. What evidence did they send with the summons? An affidavit? Statements from the OC? Contract? List anything else they attached as exhibits: Affidavits and other documents with conflicting amounts. On the affidavit for the business person who's familiar with their record keeping, I can't read the name, there's no title, it may not be notarized. Also had the bill of sales with no real information and a print out that anyone could have made from a spreadsheet. Standard stuff I guess. 18. How did you find out about this site? I'm a current member. arbitration agreement copied below - it's fairly standard with no surprises. But, under the "default" clause (also copied below), it has this: "Borrower agrees to pay all costs of collecting any delinquent payments, including reasonable attorneys’ fees, as permitted by applicable law." Will that come back to bite me if they carry it through to arbitration? With this amount of money, I know it's very possible they'll pay the JAMS fees. Also, the arbitration clause is part of the "agreement" but the default clause is part of the "promissory note" that spells out the interest rate, etc and would include my name and electronic signature. They do not have a filled out version of the promissory note. Their business records note that it's been destroyed/lost/in digital format/etc. If it was in digital format and they have it, why couldn't they print it out with everything else? I may or may not have a copy. For counterclaims, UHG went through 2 collection companies before the lawyer's office got it. The first one, I disputed within the 30-day window and they went silent. In it, I included to only contact me at my home address or home land-line during non-work hours. Apparently, they did not pass it on to the 2nd collection company. They called both the home phone (not in the original contract) and my cell phone, at least once a week for a few months during work hours. I never received anything from them in the mail so I never disputed directly with them. Still, both are agents of UHG, as is the attorney's office. When I disputed with the attorney's office, they immediately filed suit and sent me a packet of documents. So, I'm thinking I have grounds for the $1000 FDCPA violation plus TCPA violations for the cell phone calls. I have multiple messages saved, but probably didn't catch them all - so, $500 for each? Or $1500 for each since I gave them notice not to call and they "willfully" called? Any thoughts? I'm thinking maybe I'll have to come out of pocket some to settle this one, but I certainly don't want to get stuck with attorney's fees, etc. Would the consumer arbitration rules override the Default clause? Or, technically, my payments are no longer delinquent, the entire loan is in default? ARBITRATION CLAUSE - part of the borrower agreement, like a card agreement 21. Arbitration. RESOLUTION OF DISPUTES: I HAVE READ THIS PROVISION CAREFULLY AND UNDERSTAND THAT IT LIMITS MY RIGHTS IN THE EVENT OF A DISPUTE BETWEEN YOU AND ME. I UNDERSTAND THAT I HAVE THE RIGHT TO REJECT THIS PROVISION AS PROVIDED IN PARAGRAPH (b) BELOW. If you are a "Covered Borrower" as defined by the Military Lending Act (32 CFR §232, as amended from time to time) at the time of entering into this Agreement, this section 21 Arbitration is not applicable, you do not need to opt out of or take any action to ensure inapplicability. a. Either party to this Agreement, or any subsequent holder, may, at its sole election, require that the sole and exclusive forum and remedy for resolution of a Claim be final and binding arbitration pursuant to this section 21 (the "Arbitration Provision"), unless you opt out as provided in section 21 (b) below. As used in this Arbitration Provision, "Claim" shall include any past, present, or future claim, dispute, or controversy involving you (or persons claiming through or connected with you), on the one hand, and us and/or any subsequent holder (or persons claiming through or connected with us and/or the subsequent holders), on the other hand, relating to or arising out of this Agreement, any Loan Agreement and Promissory Note(s), the Site, and/or the activities or relationships that involve, lead to, or result from any of the foregoing, including (except to the extent provided otherwise in the last sentence of section 21(f) below) the validity or enforceability of this Arbitration Provision, any part thereof, or the entire Agreement. Claims are subject to arbitration regardless of whether they arise from contract; tort (intentional or otherwise); a constitution, statute, common law, or principles of equity; or otherwise. Claims include matters arising as initial claims, counter‐claims, cross-claims, third-party claims, or otherwise. The scope of this Arbitration Provision is to be given the broadest possible interpretation that is enforceable. b. You may opt out of this Arbitration Provision for all purposes by sending an arbitration opt out notice to WebBank, c/o Lending Club Corporation, 71 Stevenson St., Suite 300, San Francisco CA, 94105, Attention: Legal Department, which is received at the specified address within 30 days of the date of your electronic acceptance of the terms of this Agreement. The opt out notice must clearly state that you are rejecting arbitration; identify the Agreement to which it applies by date; provide your name, address, and social security number; and be signed by you. You may send an opt out notice in any manner you see fit as long as it is received at the specified address within the specified time. No other methods can be used to opt out of this Arbitration Provision. If the opt out notice is sent on your behalf by a third party, such third party must include evidence of his or her authority to submit the opt out notice on your behalf. c. If a Claim arises, our goal is to learn about and address your concerns and, if we are unable to do so to your satisfaction, to provide you with a neutral and cost effective means of resolving the dispute quickly. You agree that before filing any claim in arbitration, you may submit Claims by sending an email to customeradvocacy@lendingclub.com at any time, or by calling (888) 596-3157 from Mon-Fri 6:00 AM to 5:00 PM PT and Sat 8:00 AM to 5:00 PM PT. The party initiating arbitration shall do so with the American Arbitration Association (the "AAA") or Judicial Alternatives and Mediation Services ("JAMS"). The arbitration shall be conducted according to, and the location of the arbitration shall be determined in accordance with, the rules and policies of the administrator selected, except to the extent the rules conflict with this Arbitration Provision or any countervailing law. If you have any questions concerning the AAA or would like to obtain a copy of the AAA arbitration rules, you may call 1(800) 778-7879 or visit the AAA’s web site at: www.adr.org. If you have any questions concerning JAMS or would like to obtain a copy of the JAMS arbitration rules, you may call 1(800) 352-5267 or visit their web site at: www.jamsadr.com. In the case of a conflict between the rules and policies of the administrator and this Arbitration Provision, this Arbitration Provision shall control, subject to countervailing law, unless all parties to the arbitration consent to have the rules and policies of the administrator apply. d. If we (or the subsequent holder) elect arbitration, we (or the subsequent holder, as the case may be) shall pay all the administrator’s filing costs and administrative fees (other than hearing fees). If you elect arbitration, filing costs and administrative fees (other than hearing fees) shall be paid in accordance with the rules of the administrator selected, or in accordance with countervailing law if contrary to the administrator’s rules. We (or the subsequent holder, as the case may be) shall pay the administrator’s hearing fees for one full day of arbitration hearings. Fees for hearings that exceed one day will be paid by the party requesting the hearing, unless the administrator’s rules or applicable law require otherwise, or you request that we (or the subsequent holder) pay them and we agree (or the subsequent holder agrees) to do so. Each party shall bear the expense of its own attorneys’ fees, except as otherwise provided by law. If a statute gives you the right to recover any of these fees, these statutory rights shall apply in the arbitration notwithstanding anything to the contrary herein. e. Within 30 days of a final award by the arbitrator, any party may appeal the award for reconsideration by a three-arbitrator panel selected according to the rules of the arbitrator administrator. In the event of such an appeal, any opposing party may cross-appeal within 30 days after notice of the appeal. The panel will reconsider de novo all aspects of the initial award that are appealed. Costs and conduct of any appeal shall be governed by this Arbitration Provision and the administrator’s rules, in the same way as the initial arbitration proceeding. Any award by the individual arbitrator that is not subject to appeal, and any panel award on appeal, shall be final and binding, except for any appeal right under the Federal Arbitration Act ("FAA"), and may be entered as a judgment in any court of competent jurisdiction. f. We agree not to invoke our right to arbitrate an individual Claim you may bring in Small Claims Court or an equivalent court, if any, so long as the Claim is pending only in that court. NO ARBITRATION SHALL PROCEED ON A CLASS, REPRESENTATIVE, OR COLLECTIVE BASIS (INCLUDING AS PRIVATE ATTORNEY GENERAL ON BEHALF OF OTHERS), EVEN IF THE CLAIM OR CLAIMS THAT ARE THE SUBJECT OF THE ARBITRATION HAD PREVIOUSLY BEEN ASSERTED (OR COULD HAVE BEEN ASSERTED) IN A COURT AS CLASS REPRESENTATIVE, OR COLLECTIVE ACTIONS IN A COURT. Unless consented to in writing by all parties to the arbitration, no party to the arbitration may join, consolidate, or otherwise bring claims for or on behalf of two or more individuals or unrelated corporate entities in the same arbitration unless those persons are parties to a single transaction. Unless consented to in writing by all parties to the arbitration, an award in arbitration shall determine the rights and obligations of the named parties only, and only with respect to the claims in arbitration, and shall not (a) determine the rights, obligations, or interests of anyone other than a named party, or resolve any Claim of anyone other than a named party; nor (b) make an award for the benefit of, or against, anyone other than a named party. No administrator or arbitrator shall have the power or authority to waive, modify, or fail to enforce this section 21(f), and any attempt to do so, whether by rule, policy, arbitration decision or otherwise, shall be invalid and unenforceable. Any challenge to the validity of this section 21(f) shall be determined exclusively by a court and not by the administrator or any arbitrator. g. This Arbitration Provision is made pursuant to a transaction involving interstate commerce and shall be governed by and enforceable under the FAA. The arbitrator will apply substantive law consistent with the FAA and applicable statutes of limitations. The arbitrator may award damages or other types of relief permitted by applicable substantive law, subject to the limitations set forth in this Arbitration Provision. The arbitrator will not be bound by judicial rules of procedure and evidence that would apply in a court. The arbitrator shall take steps to reasonably protect confidential information. h. This Arbitration Provision shall survive (i) suspension, termination, revocation, closure, or amendments to this Agreement and the relationship of the parties and/or Lending Club; (ii) the bankruptcy or insolvency of any party or other person; and (iii) any transfer of any loan or Loan Agreement or Promissory Note(s) or any other promissory note(s) which you owe, or any amounts owed on such loans or notes, to any other person or entity. If any portion of this Arbitration Provision other than section 21(f) is deemed invalid or unenforceable, the remaining portions of this Arbitration Provision shall nevertheless remain valid and in force. If an arbitration is brought on a class, representative, or collective basis, and the limitations on such proceedings in section 21(f) are finally adjudicated pursuant to the last sentence of section 21(f) to be unenforceable, then no arbitration shall be had. In no event shall any invalidation be deemed to authorize an arbitrator to determine Claims or make awards beyond those authorized in this Arbitration Provision. THE PARTIES ACKNOWLEDGE THAT THEY HAVE A RIGHT TO LITIGATE CLAIMS THROUGH A COURT BEFORE A JUDGE OR JURY, BUT WILL NOT HAVE THAT RIGHT IF ANY PARTY ELECTS ARBITRATION PURSUANT TO THIS ARBITRATION PROVISION. THE PARTIES HEREBY KNOWINGLY AND VOLUNTARILY WAIVE THEIR RIGHTS TO LITIGATE SUCH CLAIMS IN A COURT BEFORE A JUDGE OR JURY UPON ELECTION OF ARBITRATION BY ANY PARTY. DEFAULT CLAUSE - part of the loan agreement/promissory note - they have only produced a blank copy and said the original has been destroyed/lost/etc. Default. Borrower may be deemed in default (each, an "Event of Default") of Borrower’s obligations under this Note if Borrower: (1) fails to pay timely any amount due on the loan; (2) files or has instituted against it or any joint applicant/co-borrower any bankruptcy or insolvency proceedings or make any assignment for the benefit of creditors; (3) commits fraud or makes any material misrepresentation in this Note, or in any other documents, applications or related materials delivered to Lender in connection with its loan or (4) fails to abide by the terms of this Note or the Borrower Agreement. Upon the occurrence of an Event of Default, Lender may exercise all remedies available under applicable law and this Note, including without limitation demand that Borrower immediately pay all amounts owed on this Note. Lender will report information about Borrower’s account to credit bureaus. Should there be more than one Borrower, Lender will report that loan account to the credit bureaus in the names of all Borrowers. Late payments, missed payments, or other defaults on an account may be reflected in Borrower’s credit report. Borrower agrees to pay all costs of collecting any delinquent payments, including reasonable attorneys’ fees, as permitted by applicable law.
  21. Interesting - my Credit One arbitration clause doesn't include that verbiage. Mine is 3rd quarter 2019. Did they add that more recently? Or take it out?
  22. One other consideration, it sounded like you're no longer with her father, so divorce? Was there anything in the divorce decree about debts? If he took his debt and you took yours, it could be that his child's medical bills would be his responsibility after the divorce? Either way, letting the statute of limitations expire if it's close and you haven't been sued is the best thing. Maybe it has already as mentioned above.
  23. Every state has a statute of limitations on debt. Look to see what Florida has for medical debt. Any payments or promises to pay could restart the timer.
  24. I think you did the right thing at the time - I wasn't trying to say you did anything wrong. I was just wondering if there was any way to get around the financial responsibility because they didn't make sure you were legally able to give consent. That's all. Maybe it's a bargaining chip to get it negotiated down? An arbitration clause in the fine print would also be a bargaining chip. (I can sympathize with your issues. My grandparents raised me from 3 months old and never had legal custody, they just acted like they did. Today, they probably would have a hard time even enrolling me in school. On a positive note, I got great financial aid in college because they had to treat me like an independent adult with no parental contributions from the time I enrolled at 17. If I'd had lived with actual parents, that wouldn't have happened until I was 24 even if they never contributed a penny. Let her know that it could work in her favor if she wants a good education.)
  25. Does it matter that OP probably wasn't legally able to sign the consent for treatment? Any arbitration clauses in the paperwork? At least ask for a copy of what you signed so you know if you did say you'd be the responsible party. Have you tried to work it out through the hospital's hardship or charitable program? You might be able to get it negotiated way down at least. Just because a collector is working the account doesn't mean the hospital isn't involved. I'm fighting an ambulance service for balance billing. I keep offering the roughly 50-60% our insurance paid, but the collection agency told me they can only deduct 10%. They added I can call the ambulance service directly and they might take what I offer. I haven't got that far yet - bigger fish to fry lately.
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